CARMA takes a caffe Macchiato with teacher Barbara
For some teachers and students across Europe, this school year has been slightly different. Traditional didactic lessons were replaced by non-formal educational activities and the Reciprocal Maieutic Approach (RMA) of Danilo Dolci. Trained teachers from Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, Belgium, Austria and Turkey, supported by non-formal experts, have engaged their students in collaborative learning activities with the aim to address challenges in school education. Thanks to CARMA project!
At the end of April 2017, CARMA partners, CESIE (Italy), University of Murcia (Spain), Pistes-Solidaires(France), Asist Ogretim Kurumlari A.S. – DOGA (Turkey), University College Leuven – UC Leuven(Belgium), INOVA+ (Portugal) and Verein Multikulturell (Austria) met in Pau, France for the 3rdpartnership meeting to reflect on the progress of the project and to share experiences of the teachers involved in the piloting phase across the 7 countries. Teachers are enthusiastic about the new approaches they have learnt and are testing with their students in the classroom. The impact on their students’ learning progress is already visible!
The great work that has been done in Palermo has been shared by teacher Barbara Pellegrino. Barbara is implementing collaborative learning sessions with her students at the school Institute Duca Abruzzi Libero Grassi. In the article “Caffé Macchiato”, that was published in the school’s journal “LiberaLaMentepress”, Barbara shares her insights and reflections on the potential of non-formal educational methods to transform classroom practices and motivate her students.
Enjoy reading it!
When I was going to school, during the times of Noah, learning was sometimes quite boring.
In particular, I remember one of my teachers. He was distant and verbose. He used to hold long and non-interactive lessons, to use textbooks written in an incomprehensible language, and to assign such a mountain of tasks that destroyed our social life.
These difficulties paid off: during the oral exam while answering the first question if we were starting with – Then .. – it was not unusual for the dear teacher to reply: – A speech cannot begin with “then”. Go back to your seat. I give you an “F”-. Needless to say, this was rather demoralising.
Today, luckily, these things cannot happen anymore. Whilst, on one hand, the teaching structure remains quite classic, the approaches and teaching techniques have changed radically. Today, students and their needs are at the centre of the educational process. Teachers keep themselves updated, lessons are modulated, textbooks are more interesting and teacher-student dialogue is more open.
In addition, recently in the last few years, school education has been changing all over the world: the use of “Non-Formal Learning Techniques” have been introduced and are very effective in the case of problematic situations. In other words, when there are students who have difficulty in keeping attention and motivation, the teacher abandons the formal lesson and proposes non-traditional thematic or activities. For example, to help students analyse and reflect on the topic, there is the “Six Thinking Hats” technique, which creates six characters with different roles, and different points of view that can look at a given problem from different perspectives. “The Box of Emotions” helps students to tackle classroom tensions by exploring and sharing their emotions in a safe environment. There is also “Problem Solving” or “Group Investigation“, which through curiosity stimulates and allows students to work together to find a common solution to a problem. There is also the “Reciprocal Maieutic Approach” (RMA) that has been tested out for years by Danilo Dolci, an important sociologist and educator. RMA is based on the comparison and sharing of knowledge, emotions and experiences of the students.
These methods neglect old inflexible deductive methods and focus the attention on inductive methods based on the selection and analysis of what is familiar and near. And if everything works as it should, relevant.
CARMA – a story of social inclusion for the 30th anniversary of Erasmus+
The project, CARMA, RMA and other non-formal learning methods for Student Motivation has been selected as a success story for social inclusion for the 30th Anniversary of Erasmus+, and is featured in the anniversary campaign that celebrates the achievements of Erasmus+ so far and reflects on the future Europe that we can build together.
CARMA is co-funded by Erasmus+ KA3: Support for policy reform, Prospective Initiatives Forward-Looking Cooperation Project and addresses the promotion of “innovative, collaborative teaching and learning” within school education. The project has been recognised by Erasmus+ as an example of how innovative and inclusive strategies within education at local level are being developed as part of an overall EU strategy to reduce early school leaving to less than 10% by 2020.
CARMA focuses on the introduction of non-formal learning practices and the Reciprocal Maieutic Approach (RMA) of Danilo Dolci as a collaborative learning strategy within school education to transform classroom practices and address challenges in school education. With pilot schemes already launched across schools in Italy, Austria, Belgium, France, Portugal, Spain and Turkey, positive results already indicate changes in the engagement and motivation of pupils, with many actively looking forward to their next non-formal lessons. Teachers have also benefitted from specialised training in an international setting in the field of non-formal education and the development of competences in collaborative teaching and learning. CARMA will use the findings from the pilot phase to provide key recommendations to policy makers on how to best combat early school leaving and promote the inclusion of disadvantaged learners.
The 30th Anniversary of Erasmus coincides with another milestone of European integration: the 60th Anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, which promotes an ever-closer union within Europe. Both anniversaries celebrate a common goal: uniting European people. Widely recognised as the most successful EU programme, Erasmus+ provides us with a concrete example of the positive impact of European integration and international outreach, having enriched the lives of nearly 2 million people from Europe and beyond between 2014 and 2016 alone!
Throughout 2017, many events will be organised across Europe to celebrate the 30th anniversary including a flagship event at the European Parliament in June. Find out more at: https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/anniversary_en.
The CARMA partnership has a diverse collection of 7 organisations working within the teaching and education sector including; CESIE (Italy) – Project Coordinator, The University of Murcia (Spain), Pistes-Solidaires (France), Asist Ogretim Kurumlari A.S. – DOGA (Turkey), University College Leuven – UC Leuven (Belgium), INOVA+ (Portugal) and Verein Multikulturell (Austria).
For further information about the CARMA project please contact Rosina Ndukwe: firstname.lastname@example.org
Follow the project on Facebook at www.facebook.com/CARMA.Project
Inclusive approach to secondary school teaching to tackle early school leaving launched across Europe
CARMA is the name of a European funded initiative that promises to launch an inclusive approach to secondary-school-level teaching, based on the introduction of non-formal learning practices and collaborative methods that promote interaction, creativity and reciprocal learning between teachers and learners.
Based on the Reciprocal Maieutic Approach (RMA) of Danilo Dolci, a group of European partners from education and training backgrounds, has been working on an inclusive and innovative assessment tool that will allow teachers to monitor and respond rapidly to student’s learning progress, while it also informs parents and update the wider school community about the learner’s constantly changing needs.
Since early 2016, CARMA’s partners have been dedicated to intensive research on the phenomena of Early School Leaving (ESL), on collecting best practices concerning collaborative learning (CL) and on identifying existing national frameworks for assessing teachers’ competences. As a result of such investigation, a comprehensive report entitled “Early School Leaving – Statistics, Policies and Good Practices in Collaborative Learning” (1) has been produced.
In this report, CARMA’s partners showcase statistics about ESL in light of distinctive factors such as gender, ethic minorities, foreign born and degree of urbanization. The analysis is taken one step further into the different national contexts and it is quite interesting to see that while in Austria and in France the rate of ESL (7.3% and 9.3% respectively) is below the target for Europe 2020 Strategy – which is set to 10% – all other countries of the partnership, present rates that are above this (10.1% in Belgium, 14.7% in Italy, 13.7% in Portugal, 20% in Spain and 36,4% in Turkey).
CARMA EU Workshop for Teachers: “chances for big changes”
In the beginning of sunny October a group of teachers from 7 different European countries were sitting in a terrace of Baida convent, embraced by a spectacular view to the mountains, having all of Palermo under their feet and were telling stories. Stories about their teaching methods, about their students, their personal stories and stories for social change.
Storytelling, together with other non-formal techniques, were introduced to teachers of secondary schools during the CARMA European Workshop for Collaborative Competences for Teachers organised and hosted by CESIE in Palermo. The European Workshop, as a part of the CARMA project, was aimed to support teachers in developing their skills and knowledge in collaborative practices providing theory and practical experience on how to use the range of non-formal learning techniques and the Reciprocal Maieutic Approach (RMA) as an assessment tool with their students in the classroom and within the school environment.
CARMA – Innovating school culture through non-formal learning
The second partnership meeting for the project CARMA – RMA and other non-formal learning methods for Student Motivation took place in Murcia, Spain on the 19th and 20th September 2016, hosted by the University of Murcia.
CARMA focuses on the introduction of non-formal learning practices and collaborative learning within school education to transform classroom practices and address challenges in school education.
During the second partnership meeting, partners reviewed the project’s progress and outcomes achieved so far including the results from the desk based research and surveys carried out in each country. The desk based research investigated trends and statistics on Early School Leaving, best practices in collaborative teaching and learning and national frameworks to support teacher assessment. The online survey which has collected more than 1100 respondents of which are teachers, students, parents and stakeholders across the 7 countries of the partnership: Italy, Spain, France, Turkey, Belgium, Portugal and Austria, explored and identified specific needs faced by schools and sought to gain a deeper knowledge on how to adapt non-formal learning methods to each school system.
CARMA launches online survey on Collaborative Learning
The project “CARMA – RMA and other non-formal learning methods for Student Motivation”, has launched a European wide online survey on collaborative learning aimed to explore the real needs of all stakeholders in the school community: students, teaching staff and professionals within school education, parents, school service providers, civil society organizations and policy-makers in school education.
The survey has been launched in the seven partner countries; Portugal, Spain, Italy, Turkey, France, Belgium and Austria will investigate practices and opinions concerning the collaborative learning and non-formal education methods being used at secondary schools.
Partner organisation are responsible for distributing the survey to 150 respondents among a wide range of education sectors at both local and national level.
Based on the questionnaires a comprehensive report will be created, including the results from all partner countries, in order to support schools to help tackle early school leaving and support disadvantaged groups of learners.
The CARMA project, co-funded by Erasmus+ Key Action (KA3): Support for policy reform, Prospective Initiatives Forward-Looking Cooperation Project, addresses the Priority 3 “Promoting innovative, collaborative teaching and learning” and launches an inclusive approach which fosters interaction, creativity and reciprocal learning between teachers and learners.
The CARMA project aims to develop, test and introduce at schools non-formal learning techniques as a collaborative learning strategy to innovate school culture and through the involvement of policy and decision makers in school education to transform classroom practices.
The partnership is made up of 7 partners from 7 different countries which include CESIE (Italy) the Coordinator, the University of Murcia (Spain), Pistes-Solidaires (France), Asist Ogretim Kurumlari A.S. – DOGA (Turkey), University College Leuven – UC Leuven (Belgium), INOVA+ (Portugal) and Verein Multikulturell (Austria).
For further information about the project, please contact Rosina Ndukwe: email@example.com.
Visit the project facebook at https://www.facebook.com/CARMA.Project
INOVA+ participates in the CARMA Project to foster the adoption of non-formal learning methods in school education
Education and training are key pillars for the development of societies. In this sense, the European Commission and the EU countries agreed on the Strategic framework for Education & Training, which includes a set of benchmarks for education to be achieved by 2020, namely: the rate of early leavers from education and training aged 18-24 should be below 10% and fewer than 15% of 15-year-olds should be under-skilled in reading, mathematics and science.
The structure of the educational systems, the school environment and the skills of the school staff are important factors for students’ engagement, motivation and performance, as well as, for their learning process. Facing this context, the project CARMA – RMA and other non-formal teaching-learning methods for students’ motivation aims to develop, test and introduce at schools non-formal learning techniques as a collaborative learning strategy to innovate school culture and transform classroom practices.
CARMA – Motivating students through collaborative learning
The Kick-off meeting for the project CARMA – RMA and other non-formal learning methods for Student Motivation took place on the 18th and 19th of February, 2016 hosted by the project coordinator CESIE in Palermo, Italy. The Kick-off meeting brought together CESIE with the 6 other partner organisations which include the University of Murcia (Spain), Pistes-Solidaires (France), Asist Ogretim Kurumlari A.S. – DOGA (Turkey), University College Leuven – UC Leuven (Belgium), INOVA+ (Portugal) and Verein Multikulturell (Austria). CESIE was honoured to host EACEA Project Officer Emilia Venot who also participated in the Kick-Off meeting of the Project.